95th Annual Meeting
UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA
Riverside, California
June 17 - 20, 2014

SYMPOSIA


The following symposia are in various stages of planning for the annual meeting. The listings below are tentative and subject to change. New symposia will be added as information is received from the organizers. Check this web site regularly for updated information. Inquiries can be emailed to aaaspd@sou.edu. If you plan to attend the meeting largely for one symposium, please call 541–552–6869 to confirm its status before committing travel funds.

Please bookmark this page and check back frequently, as this information is frequently updated as new information becomes available. Abstracts for presentations are expected to become availableby mid-April, perhaps earlier.



Index To Symposia

(1) Accelerating Chemical and Biomedical Discovery with Molecular Simulation

(2) Mechanisms of Tumor Progression and Cancer Therapeutics

(3) Computer-Aided Drug Discovery and Development

(4) Promoting Deeper Learning in Middle Adolescence: Critical Connections and Implications for STEM Education

(5) Challenges for Implementing Vision and Change in Science Classrooms

(6) The Importance of Citizen Science in Forming Scientific Communities from the Local to the National Level

(7) Libraries and Learning

(8) California’s World’s Fairs: Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915; Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916

(9) World War II Anthropology: Austrians and Germans in Poland; Japanese in Asia, and the Search for Survivors

(10) Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Turbulence: Analysis and Application

(11) Two-Dimensional Materials for Next Generation Devices

(12) Biotic Invasions: Impacts on Natural and Urban Communities and Ecosystems

(13) Climate Change Through the 20th and 21st Centuries

(14) Genetics of Adaptation – From Spiders’ Silk to Marathon Mice

(15) Ecology and Conservation in River Networks

(16) Forensic and Clinical Service Challenges in a Juvenile Arson Explosives & Research Center (JAERIC)

(17) Forensic and Clinical Psychological Research in Uganda: Challenges for Trauma on Top of Trauma Service Delivery

(18) Small RNA-mediated Gene Regulation

(19) Boise Extravaganza in Set Theory (BEST)

(20) Should Science Reform the Humanities?

(21) Theory, Experiment, and Computation: A Synergistic Approach to Research

(22) Molecular Reproducation and Development

(23) Advances and Challenges in Marine Cell Biology

(24) Multi–scale Bioengineering

(25) Applications of 3D Printing

(26) Future Trends on Past History of Life



Symposium Descriptions

(1) Accelerating Chemical and Biomedical Discovery with Molecular Simulation. Organizer: Chia-en A. Chang (Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, California; chiaenc@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Dong Xu (Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Idaho State University, Meridian, Idaho; dxu@pharmacy.isu.edu.
Currently scheduled for Thursday morning, 19 June.

This research symposium focuses on the advancements of state-of-the-art computational chemical and biology methods and their applications in addressing the most important and urgent biomedical questions. The objective of the symposium is to inform and engage elite computational scientists from the globe in a discussion about the latest computational method development, the current applications in biomedical research, and the future outlook of the advanced simulation technologies.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(2) Mechanisms of Tumor Progression and Cancer Therapeutics. Organizer: Cheryl Jorcyk (Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho; cjorcyk@boisesstate.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday afternoon, 19 June.

Cancer is a large group of different diseases, all involving uncontrolled growth of cells in the body. During tumor progression, cells proliferate, form malignant tumors, invade to nearby parts of the body and metastasize, or spread, to more distant parts of the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. This program will provide scientific presentations addressing different mechanisms of tumor progression and metastasis, as well as mechanistic discussions on established and emerging cancer therapeutics. This symposium is designed for all types of biomedical researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, physicians and oncologists, nurses, pharmacists, and others who research or manage patients with cancer.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(3) Computer-Aided Drug Discovery and Development. Organizer: Chia-en A. Chang (Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, California; chiaenc@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Dong Xu (Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Idaho State University, Meridian, Idaho; dxu@pharmacy.isu.edu.
Currently scheduled for Thursday afternoon, 19 June.

This research symposium focuses on the most recent advancements of computer-aided drug discovery. It is generally recognized that drug discovery and development are very time and resources consuming. There is an ever growing effort to apply computational power to understand drug-protein binding in order to streamline drug discovery, design, development and optimization. In medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical industry, computer-aided or in silico design is being utilized to expedite and facilitate hit identification, hit-to-lead selection, and optimize the drug properties. The symposium will discuss a mix of cutting-edge work, including new methodology development and applications to various drug targets.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(4) Promoting Deeper Learning in Middle Adolescence: Critical Connections and Implications for STEM Education. Organizer: Carl A. Maida (University of California, Los Angeles, California; cmaida@ucla.edu) and Paul Heckman (University of California, Davis, California).
Currently scheduled for all day Thursday, 19 June.

Over the past few decades, research from the cognitive and learning sciences, education sciences, and developmental psychology has converged to yield a clear—and compelling—model of how high school aged youth learn best. Research confirms observations that good learning involves direct experience, “deep immersion in a consequential activity,” according to psychologist Jerome Bruner. It confirms that learning works best when young people can focus in depth on a few things at a time; when they see a clear purpose in learning activities; and when they have an active role—co-constructing, interpreting, applying, making sense of, making connections.  Deeper learning involves, in addition to mastering core academic content, the ability to thinking critically and solve complex problems, to work collaboratively, to communicate effectively, and to learn how to learn. This session will combine didactic, experiential, and reflective activities to engage audience members, including K–14 teachers and informal science educators, and presenters in a professional learning community experience. The intent is to provide an opportunity for collaborative inquiry and the learning related to the promotion of deeper learning approaches in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) in the classroom and beyond. This workshop will consider ways to increase students’ scientific literacy through involvement in deeper learning activities, including project-based learning in the classroom, in after school programs, and in experiential, community-based learning activities, including mentored internships and apprenticeships. Panelists will discuss current issues and future trends in science education, including STEM after school programs, pre-college science enrichment and "pipeline" programs, STEM scientist mentoring activities, informal STEM education, and the role of the arts and design in STEM education initiatives.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(5) Challenges for Implementing Vision and Change in Science Classrooms. Organizer: Richard Cardullo (Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California; cardullo@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: William B. Davis (School of Molecular Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington; wbdavis@vetmed.wsu.edu).
Currently scheduled for Friday morning, 20 June.

Transformation in the life sciences on a large scale will only occur when institutions support change at the departmental level that is then shared with, and adopted by, other institutions.   Over the past two decades, various initiatives have promoted changes in pedagogical strategies that focus on process over content while acknowledging the inherent power that diversity brings to science classrooms. A number of national efforts including the AAAS-sponsored Vision and Change recommendations and the recent establishment of the National Academies Scientific Teaching Alliance (NASTA) seek to inform the scientific and science education communities about effective, evidence-based teaching practices that improve student learning.  Significant challenges exist for transforming faculty members, departments, and institutions that reflect the growing need for delivering a relevant curriculum that serves all students in the sciences.  This symposium will focus on these challenges and will present evidence of practices that improve student engagement and success using state-of-the-art assessments, technology, and strategies for empowering departments to fundamentally improve the quality of science education.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(6) The Importance of Citizen Science in Forming Scientific Communities from the Local to the National Level. Organizer: Kimberly Hammond (Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California; kimberly.hammond@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Wednesday morning, 18 June.

Involving the general public (Citizens) in the exploration of natural areas and the collection of scientific data results in more engaged and educated communities.  In addition the crowd–sourced data gathered in citizen science activities can be used to leverage scientific activities in a myriad of ways.   In an age when federal dollars are limited, this is a valuable way to continue to collect much needed information about the world around us.  Despite all the benefits of careful incorporation of citizen science into mainstream scientific activities, citizen science remains relatively unorganized and often lacks a coordinated direction.  To some extent, the lack of organization is a good thing because activities arise from the grassroots efforts that allow for ingenious and fresh strategies.  However, the cooperation and collaboration of groups organizing, supporting, and collecting data from citizen science activities can also help further strengthen and improve the activities themselves and the results of those activities.

In this symposium, individuals, public non-profit organizations, and university groups will be brought together to explore the victories and current needs in citizen science.  Specifically, however, we are aiming to sharpen a focus from the national level (Smithsonian Institution), to the Pacific Region, to the State of California, to the Southern California area and finally to one city (the city of Riverside) in a quest for an understanding of how the process works and how the different levels fit together to answer important questions and inform a large and dynamic citizenry.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(7) Libraries and Learning. Organizer: Crystal Goldman (Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. LIbrary, San Jose State University, San Jose, California; crystal.goldman@sjsu.edu). Co-organizers: Frank Jacobitz (Mechanical Engineering Department, University of San Diego, San Diego, California; jacobitz@sandiego.edu), Amy Besnoy (Copley Library, University of San Diego, San Diego, California; abesnoy@sandiego.edu), and Michele Potter (Orbach Science Library, University of California, Riverside, California; michele.potter@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Friday, 20 June.

Libraries and librarians play a key role in student learning. This can happen in one-shot instruction sessions, embedded librarianship, credit-bearing courses, co-teaching, at the reference desk, and in extended reference consultations. During such interactions, librarians teach students about access to information, gauging and evaluating information sources, and information literacy, all of which depend upon and develop critical thinking skills. The development of critical thinking skills in students, which remains relevant far beyond the walls of academia, relies on locating information and determining its appropriateness and validity within the specific application.

In the university classroom—be it online or on the ground—librarians work with teaching faculty to embed research and critical thinking skills into classroom pedagogy, with consideration going toward suitable projects, methods, timing, and frequency and length of interactions. This symposium will feature an all-inclusive consideration of libraries in the learning environment, from instruction to reference, synchronous to asynchronous services, and in the digital and in-person environments.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(8) California’s World’s Fairs: Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915; Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916. Organizer: Alan L. Bain (National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution; baina@si.edu).
Currently scheduled for Friday morning, 20 June.

The Panama Pacific International Exposition (PPIE) held in San Francisco, 1915, was first conceptualized in 1904 by San Francisco businessmen. Later, San Francisco leaders and businessmen wanted to use the fair as a vehicle to show the city’s recovery from the 1906 earthquake and fire and rid its reputation as an uncouth frontier town. With the completion of the Panama Canal in 1913, the fair was designed to commemorate that amazing engineering feat. In 1909, business leaders of the small city of San Diego announced their intentions to celebrate the opening of the Canal with their own fair (Panama-California Exposition, 1915–1916). With the completion of the Canal, San Diego would be the first American port north of the waterway on the Pacific Coast. The exposition would help bolster an economy shaken by the Wall Street panic of 1907. San Francisco’s leaders became very upset. Thus began a competition of cities (which later included New Orleans) between businessmen, community leaders, and politicians for federal recognition and support. San Francisco received the prize. Later, San Diego was also given recognition and received federal support. It became the smallest of any city, with a population a little over 39,000, to attempt to hold an international exposition. Open for only nine months, San Francisco attracted over 19 million visitors, while San Diego, open for one year, received over 3.5 million to its regional displays.

Behind the expositions, which were cities within cities, the beautiful buildings, exhibitions on science, art, and literature, and the midways (amusement and concession stands), called the “Joy Zone” in San Francisco, and the Isthmus in San Diego, lay the concept of natural selection, survival of the fittest, and the Darwinian struggle between the races. Eugenics was revealed, using science to improve the human stock, with discussions at PPIE congresses held on the prevention of the ill–fit and improper intermarriages. The Federal government supported these concepts. At PPIE, the United States Department of Labor had exhibitions on immigration between 1820 and 1914, the races that arrived, their occupations, arrests, and deportations; that the composition of the white ethnic population was changing for the worse. At the Panama-California Exposition, the president for the fair utilized the services of the anthropologists from the Smithsonian Institution to develop exhibitions, showing the physical evolution of man, evolution of culture, and the Native races of America. Led by Ales Hrdlicka, anthropologists carried out research. Expeditions were undertaken to gather and photograph skeletal remains in Europe, Africa, the United States, Siberia, Mongolia, and Peru; studies were made of the Eskimo and Sioux Indians; and graves were desecrated in the Philippines for cranial and skeletal material. The collections were displayed so that the classification of mankind along racial lines was easily understood and demonstrated man’s progress towards future perfection. The displays linked race to biology, even though anthropologist Franz Boas had earlier shown this linkage to be false making racial attitudes untenable. Combined, the exhibitions helped to provide public support for the restrictive immigration laws of the 1920s, beginning with fixed racial quotas for European immigration and culminating in the exclusion of Asians altogether, in 1927.

The panelists at this session on the California expositions will discuss varied themes, demonstrating how the exhibitions represented reality to advance the aims of exposition organizers, and in some instances, how ethnic groups were able to participate at the fair under their own agency and agenda. Included are presentations regarding the ethnic communities around San Francisco, how Chinese American and Chinese American women participated at the fair, the exhibition of the Chinese Pagoda, how Native Americans were presented and the reality of their condition, mining exhibitions and the reality of mining conditions, and the creation of the Museum of Man.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(9) World War II Anthropology: Austrians and Germans in Poland; Japanese in Asia, and the Search for Survivors. Organizer:Organizer: Alan L. Bain (National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution; baina@si.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday afternoon, 19 June.

World War II began September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland. On September 17, the Russian armies attacked from the East. By September 28, Poland had been conquered and was divided by Russia and Germany along the Bug and San Rivers. The Germans annexed northern and western Poland outright, and established a separate Government General for the remainder of the territory. Within the GG, an Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit (IDO), the Institute for German Work in the East, was founded in 1940 and was headquartered at Jagiellonian University, Krakow.

IDO developed its organizational plan based on race and necropolitics. Systems of hierarchical classification placed categories of people and individuals into slots, so that no Polish citizen was destined for a future based on his or her own agency. It consisted of 11 sections, one of which was the Rasse – und Volkstumforschung (SRV), racial and national traditions research. This Section was of critical importance. Its staff consisted of German and Austrian anthropologists. SRV was to carry out research which would provide factual data for establishing racial hierarchies of the inhabitants of occupied Poland. Data sets were collected mostly from southern Poles, Huzuls or Polish Ruthenians, Ukranians, and Jews. Sets included anthropometric data, hair samples, folk culture, cranial drawings, genealogies, sociological and medical information, and photographs of individuals, towns, architecture, and museum works of art. They were gathered in different localities, one of which went beyond GG to include workers in the building service. SRV continued to collect information until the summer of 1944, when IDO–SRV was evacuated in front of the advancing Russian armies, and moved to Bavaria. There, the IDO–SRV records were captured by the Allied armies. British and American staff went through the documents looking for information to assist in prosecuting war criminals or containing Nazi racial theory propaganda. Deemed of no value by the Medical Intelligence Section, Surgeon General’s Office, it was offered by Military Intelligence to the United States National Museum as a permanent loan instead of a transfer (because of British cooperation in securing the material). Along with anthropological instruments, used by the IDO staff to carry out its work during the War, the records were received by the Museum and accessioned in 1947 by the Division of Anthropology. Seven boxes of German personnel files were returned to the U. S. Army. Except for the instruments retained by the Division, the records were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives in 1989. In 2007, the records were transferred to the Polish Government after they were digitized and microfilmed, and housed in the archives of Jagiellonian University.

On the other side of the world, the Japanese colonized Taiwan in 1895, began its colonization of Korea in 1905, annexing the country in 1910. By 1942, Japan controlled a vast Asian–Pacific area from Indonesia to the Aleutian Islands. Japanese ethnologists were sent out to conduct research throughout the region, even on the most remote islands. Under Japanese rule, Keijo (now Seoul) became the capitol city of Korea. In 1926, Keijo Imperial University (now Seoul National University) was established and an anatomy department was created by physical anthropologist Imamura Yutaka. Imamura had graduated from Kyoto Imperial University and studied under Edwin Fisher in Germany. Between 1927 and 1943, Imamura attempted to bring together the world’s best bone collection. Approximately 670 full–size skeletons from the Pacific Islands, Korea, Manchuria, and China were housed in the medical school at the University. At the end of the War, the United States military prevented the collection from being transferred back to the mainland, but when the University was turned over to the Korean government the collection was not there. To break with its past, the Executive Committee of the Japanese Society of Ethnology, in 1995, proposed that the name of the Society be changed to cultural anthropology. One of the reasons was to separate what ethnologists had done during wartime and the new discipline that was being taught at the universities. One of the individuals who voiced opposition to the name change was Nakao Katsumi (one of the panelists on this session). Changing the name he said would be to effectively erase the colonial history of Japanese ethnology before the history of the colonial period had been described in sufficient detail. He felt it was important for Japanese anthropologists to remain conscious of the continuities of the discipline with Japan’s imperial past, when ethnological studies were carried out in conjunction with Japanese colonial needs. Later, the needs changed as Japanese military began its conquest throughout Asia and Japanese anthropologists came under its control.

In this session, American and Polish historians and anthropologists look at the records created by the IDO–SRV. In particular, the IDO records are viewed in context of their scientific research. After the SRV records arrived back in Poland, Polish anthropologists reviewed them and, using the records, attempted to find survivors who had undergone SRV research. Their discussion is about finding survivors and what they found out during oral and video histories. In the United States, a physical anthropologist used the anthropometric data from the sets and discusses her work regarding the writing of PhD thesis regarding Polish migration patterns. On the Pacific side, presenters will discuss the history of Japanese anthropology, its development and its relationship to American, English, and Germanic studies and beliefs. The Japanese biological and chemical warfare group, Unit 731, which operated in Manchuria, will also be discussed, along with the work of Imamura and other anthropologists at Keijo Imperial University, finding survivors in New Guinea, and raising the question of what happened to the missing skeletons.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(10) Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Turbulence: Analysis and Application. Organizer: Marko Princevac (Department of  Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Riverside California; marko@engr.ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Frank Jacobitz (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shiley-Marcos School of Engineering, University of San Diego, San Diego, California; jacobitz@sandiego.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Wednesday, 18 June.

This symposium aims to bring together researchers advancing our understanding of processes in turbulence and their applications in diverse fields, including modeling of atmospheric or oceanic turbulence, or air pollution problems. Application topics will include urban dispersion, vehicular emissions, fire spread, multiphase flow, air lubrication, as well as smoke and visibility issues. Basic processes to be discussed include helical properties and acceleration statistics at multiple scales of turbulent motion.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(11) Two-Dimensional Materials for Next Generation Devices. Organizer: Jory Yarmoff (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California; yarmoff@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Jeanie Lau (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California; jeanie.lau@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Thursday, 19 June.

The global challenge in electronic materials, driven by the impending end of Moore’s law, is to find effective materials that can replace silicon in device applications.  Recently discovered two-dimensional materials, such as graphene and topological insulators, are the leading candidates. These materials are composed of layers that are weakly coupled to each other by van der Waals forces.  They have been found to exhibit novel conductivity properties within the two-dimensional plane that is leading to an abundance of new physics and materials properties.  This symposium will highlight recent advances in the science that underlies the fabrication, understanding and applications of two-dimensional materials.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(12) Biotic Invasions: Impacts on Natural and Urban Communities and Ecosystems. Organizer: Erin Wilson (Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California; erin.wilson@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Richard Redak (Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California; richard.redak@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Friday morning, 20 June.

Biological invasions, one of the main drivers of global environmental change, disrupt species interactions and can contribute to the collapse of trophic systems. Consequently, there is growing interest in how invaders alter community and ecosystem processes. We will present six different contexts in which non-native taxa change their invaded communities that include agricultural, urban and natural systems. This symposium will include experimental studies examining how invaders of large effect can alter local trophic interactions and how invasions may lead to the decoupling of ecosystem services. Two presentations will focus on invasion at several levels of disease transmission and describe efforts to minimize the threats posed by invasive pathogens and disease vectors. Using a combination of ecological and ever-evolving molecular genetic techniques, these studies delve into the mechanisms underlying the ecological impacts of invasion and provide insight into the best strategies to maintain ecosystem health and function.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(13) Climate Change Through the 20th and 21st Centuries. Organizer: Robert J. Allen (Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California; rjallen@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Friday afternoon, 20 June.

Since 1900, global average temperature has significantly increased by 0.75 ± 0.18°C, likely making our planet the warmest it has been in the last millennium. This, combined with many overlapping pieces of evidence, has led the leading body for the assessment of climate change—the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change—to conclude that warming of our planet is unequivocal. Most of this warming is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gases, which are now at their highest values in the last 650,000 years. Future climate projections show additional warming by the end of this century, ranging from 1.1°C to 6.4°C. This rate of warming is orders of magnitude more rapid that any in the past 65 million years. This session will explore several consequences of recent and future climate change, including diminished snow and ice—important reservoirs of fresh water—and increased frequency of occurrence of heat waves and extreme precipitation (droughts/floods). This session also addresses several of the feedbacks that operate within the climate system, including those related to the hydrological and carbon cycles.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(14) Genetics of Adaptation – From Spiders’ Silk to Marathon Mice. Organizer: David Reznick (Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California; David.Reznick@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday afternoon, 19 June.

Empirical studies of evolution and adaptation have long since defined how and why organisms evolve from a phenomenological perspective. Advances in molecular genetics now make it possible to extend these endeavors to a consideration of specific genes associated with evolution and a characterization of their action. We will present six study systems in which the link between adaptation and the action of specific genes is being established. These presentations will include three experimental studies of evolution – one on laboratory populations of fruit flies, one on laboratory populations of mice and one on natural populations of guppies – in which we are identifying and characterizing candidate genes or scanning whole genomes for signatures of the role of genes in shaping complex adaptations. One presentation will focus on the remarkably diverse array of silks and the genetics of silk synthesis in spiders, revealing the evolutionary dynamics that have shaped these high-performance proteins. One presentation will consider the genetic basis of floral evolution and speciation in a genus of flowering plants. Finally, one presentation will characterize de–evolution, or what happens in the long term when a gene is no longer used. The resulting degradation represents the mirror image of the negative Darwinian selection that persists unseen in any study of positive Darwinian selection associated with adaptation. Collectively, these studies illustrate some of the diversity of technology that now makes it possible to associate genes with adaptations, but also illustrates the contribution of such endeavors to basic and applied science.

This symposium is sponsored by the Network for Experimentation in Evolution (NERE).

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(15) Ecology and Conservation in River Networks. Organizer: Kurt E. Anderson (Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California; kurt.anderson@urc.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday morning, 19 June.

Freshwater scientists are increasingly demonstrating that the branching structure of river networks has substantial ecological consequences. Local dynamics in rivers have been profitably studied over small spatial scales, and modeled by idealizing rivers as a one-dimensional line. Yet river stretches belong to branching, tree-like networks, which adds complexity in several ways. For example, restriction of movement along branches may influence population dynamics, while fluxes of materials and organisms at river confluences can alter habitat and species diversity. Superimposed on this river geometry is a large degree of temporal and spatial variation in ecological processes that is often arranged hierarchically. We still lack a coherent understanding of how river network structure constrains ecological processes, which hinders our ability to predict how other types of environmental variability, including human alterations, will affect freshwater ecosystems. However, there have recently been great strides made in our understanding of ecological dynamics in river networks, and this symposium will highlight recent exemplary research in the area. Each speaker has been suggested based on a broad expertise in river ecology, and will speak on one or more particular subthemes. These include: 1) how life history strategies and population dynamics reflect river network geometry, 2) patterns of abiotic and biotic diversity at different levels of hierarchical network organization, and 3) novel mathematical and statistical tools for studying the influence of network geometry on ecological processes.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(16) Forensic and Clinical Service Challenges in a Juvenile Arson Explosives and Research Center (JAERIC). Organizer: Ronn Johnson (School of Leadership and Education Sciences, University of San Diego, San Diego, California; ronnjohncts@gmail.com).
Currently scheduled for Wednesday morning, 18 June.

Juvenile Fire Setting and Bomb Making (JFSB) is a growing public safety concern. In an effort to secure a more accurate forensic and clinical snapshot of the prevalence of JFSB, a national data base for JFSB is being crafted. This effort is being coordinated though the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF). Still, the comprehensive risk assessment factors for JFSB may not be completely captured by the anticipated national data set. A Juvenile Arson, Explosives and Research Center has coded 14 years of research data that includes roughly 1,600 cases of JFSBs. It is also very important to identify bomb-making and/or other explosive-making in forensic evaluation and treatment programming related to arson. Current peer reviewed research underrepresents the link between juvenile arson and juvenile bomb-making. Use of explosives was documented in 14.9% of the cases referred to a community juvenile arson intervention program in San Diego County.  Of the 205 cases reported on in which use of explosives was documented, 37.1% of the juveniles had also committed arson apart from their use of explosives. Data from the JAERIC research project of the Burn Institute of San Diego County will be presented.

Some of the projected symposium paper presentation titles include:

  • Geopsychological profiling of juvenile fire setters and bomb makers in San Diego County
  • Geopsychological profiling of juvenile fire setters and bomb makers in San Diego County for schools
  • Use of a DSM-5  quadrant with juvenile fire setters and bomb makers
  • Clinical decision making in the treatment of juvenile fire setters during the treatment termination phase: A second risk assessment
  • The forensic psychological patterns of “No Shows” in juvenile fire setters and bomb makers

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April


 

(17) Forensic and Clinical Psychological Research in Uganda: Challenges for Trauma on Top of Trauma Service Delivery. Organizer: Ronn Johnson (School of Leadership and Education Sciences, University of San Diego, San Diego, California; ronnjohncts@gmail.com).
Currently scheduled for Wednesday afternoon, 18 June.

Acts of terrorism and civil wars have resulted in multigenerational experiences with traumatic (PTSD) incidents that have no international border restrictions in Africa. The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. Its size is comparable to the state of Oregon. Uganda has a high HIV prevalence in persons with severe mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. The health problems stemming from HIV also coincide with disabling cognitive, behavioral, and motor dysfunction. The availability of competent and reliable mental health services is inadequate given the needs found in the remote regions of the country. Alternate approaches to mental health service delivery through collaborative partnerships as well as technology have garnered increasing interest, though there remains relatively limited research evaluating these forensic or clinical mental health approaches. In fact, there is some evidence that clinical mental health services have resulted in positive outcomes for many psychological disorders. This symposium examines issues that complicate and compliment mental health services research in Uganda.

The objective of this symposium is to review the efficacy of research-based clinical mental health interventions involved while delivering culturally responsive services in Uganda.

Some of the projected symposium paper presentation titles include:

  • An overview of East African Research & Trauma Help (EARTH)
  • Organization and Delivery of Clinical Mental Health Services in Uganda
  • Culturally-responsive Approaches for Addressing the Perceptions and Acceptability of Trauma Interventions in Uganda
  • Group Counseling Training and Supervision for Trauma Issues Faced in Uganda: Why a Counseling Theory is Important
  • Culturally-responsive approaches for addressing severe mental health issues associated with HIV and AIDS
ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April

 

(18) Small RNA-mediated Gene Regulation. Organizer: Hailing Jin (Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, University of California, Riverside, California; hailingj@ucr.edu). Co-organizer: Katherine Borkovich (Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, University of California, Riverside, California; Katherine.borkovich@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday afternoon, 19 June.

Small non–coding RNAs have emerged as important gene expression regulators in eukaryotic organisms. They are involved in regulating almost multiple cellular processes, including development and growth, stress responses, immunity and genome integrity.  Our symposium will invite experts in the small RNA field from both animal and plant systems to present their recent findings on the function and regulation of small RNAs in various organisms. This symposium will include experimental studies on how small RNAs regulate gene expression, as well as computational modeling and practical applications.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April



(19) Boise Extravaganza in Set Theory (BEST). Organizers: Liljana Babinkostova, Andres Caicedo, Samuel Coskey, and Marion Scheepers (Department of Mathematics, Boise State Univeristy, Boise, Idaho liljanababinkostova@boisestate.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Wednesday and Thursday, 18 and 19 June and a half day on Friday, 20 June.

This program is a continuation of the well-known conference BEST (Boise Extravaganza in Set Theory). BEST was for its first nineteen years hosted in Idaho at Boise State University. Since 2013 BEST is being hosted as a symposium of the AAAS-PD.

BEST focuses on the mathematical discipline Set Theory, and its applications. Set theory is the foundation for mathematics and studies infinitary objects that routinely arise in mathematics and its applications, and in the mathematical sciences. Contemporary research addresses basic questions about provability, consistency and independence, and the relative strength of postulates or hypotheses in scientific theories. Methods developed by set theory serve as powerful tools for applications in theory building. The invited speakers for this program are successful set theorists from different career stages. They will present high level scientific talks in areas of set theory and its applications. The BEST symposium will also host contributed talks in Set Theory and its applications by participants. Post-docs, undergraduate and graduate students, early career faculty, women and underrepresented groups are encouraged to present their research. A limited number of NSF supported travel grants are available for presenters in the BEST symposium. NSF support through grant DMS 1440263 is gratefully acknowledged. For details visit the BEST website at http://diamond.boisestate.edu/~best/.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(20) Should Science Reform the Humanities? Pinker vs. Weiseltier On Who Should Be In Charge. Organizers: Jesse J. Thomas (Department of Religious Studies, San Diego State University, San Diego, California; jthomas@mail.sdsu.edu) and Mark Wheeler (Department of Philosophy, San Diego State University, San Diego, California; Wheeler1@mail.sdsu.edu).
Currently scheduled for Wednesday afternoon, 18 June.

In a New Republic 8/6/2013 article titled: "Science is not your enemy" Steven Pinker argues that if the humanities were more scientific, they could reverse the recent decline in the status of the humanities. Simon Weiseltier responds on 9/4/13 with "Crimes against the Humanities" in which he argues that the authority of the sciences belongs properly in the province of fact rather than value, which is the province of the humanities. Little discussion has followed these two articles. This symposium hopes to do that.

Professor Thomas will open the symposium with a brief summary of the two articles mentioned above as well as his own answer to the question. He will then invite the presenters to provide and elaborate briefly their own answers to the basic question within 20 minutes, allowing 10 minutes of discussion for each presenter.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(21) Theory, Experimenent, and Computations: A Synergistic Approach to Research. Organizer: C. Mark Maupin (Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado; cmmaupin@mines.edu) and Owen M. McDougal (Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho; owenmcdougal@boisestate.edu.
Currently scheduled for Thursday morning, 19 June.

The utilization of theory and computations to complement and sometimes lead (i.e. theory driven research) experimental efforts is becoming increasingly common. The synergistic combination of experiment, theory, and computations has allowed for a greater understanding of many physical phenomena. The structural information obtained from various techniques such as X-ray and NMR is often critical to the creation of realistic models for computations, while theory and computations often reveal molecular level insights into catalytic mechanisms, binding phenomena, and system dynamics. This symposium is focused on the combination of experiment and theory/computations to expand our understanding of diverse systems ranging from gas phase reactions to complex condensed phase systems.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April





(22) Molecular Reproduction and Development Organizers: Gary M. Wessel (Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; rhet@brown.edu), Julian Wong (Managing editor, Molecular Reproduction and Development and Department of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California), and Mark Paalman (Senior Editor, Life Science Journals, Wiley–Blackwell; mpaalman@wiley.com).
Scheduled for Thursday afternoon and all day Friday, 19 and 20 June.

Reproduction is arguably the singular life goal of most organisms. Its study depends upon and impacts a broad cross-section of the sciences, is heavily influenced by evolutionary selection, and the application of research successes in the field are limited only by ethical considerations. It is therefore a lively centerpiece of intersecting scientific interests.

This program will explore the biological mechanisms of reproduction in plants and animals. The topics will range from sperm and egg functions and fertilization, development of reproductive organs, environmental impact on reproductive success and selection, the clinical impacts of research progress in reproduction, and the stem cell technologies that influence our understanding of germ cell formation. The approaches used in this field are broad — cellular, molecular, biochemical, computational, synthetic, and includes cells studied in vitro as well as whole organismal examination. The series of talks will be diverse and the discussions synthetic in nature. Members of the broader scientific community are urged to participate in this session to learn for the first time the rapidly moving field of reproduction and by contributing to the advancements made in the research and their interpretations.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(23) Advances and Challenges in Marine Cell Biology Organizers: Amro Hamdoun (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla California; Hamdoun@ucsd.edu) and Anthony DeTomaso (Department of Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara California; anthony.detomaso@lifesci.ucsb.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Wednesday, 18 June.

Marine model systems have long played central roles in understanding conserved features of cell function and organization, ranging from the mechanisms underlying generation of membrane potentials to the identification of molecules necessary for interaction of sperm and egg. Recent advances in genomics, microscopy and molecular biology have now greatly expanded the range of marine cell biological models accessible to researchers, and expanded the suite of questions accessible using established models. In this symposium we will present 8 examples of how marine cell biological models are being used to address modern problems in biology, and how unique aspects of the biology of marine organisms can potentially offer insights not available using classic laboratory organisms. One presentation will focus on the use of echinoderms to understand membrane transport systems involved in cellular signaling and efflux of xenobiotics. Another presentation will highlight the use of urochordates to understand mechanisms of allorecognition and tissue regeneration. Other examples of proposed presentations include one on use of hemichordates to study evolution of developmental circuits necessary for formation of the nervous system, and one on use of marine cells to understand function of acid/base sensing mechanisms. The presentations will provide insight into the utility of marine model organisms to address broad biological problems. These include problems in basic science, such as the understanding of animal developmental mechanisms, and those of relevance to applied science, as in the example of studying acid base sensing mechanisms to understand consequences of ocean acidification. The symposium is also likely to define novel questions that could be addressed by collaboration across these disparate models.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(24) Multi–Scale Bioengineering Organizers: Dimitrio Morikis (Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Riverside, California; dmorikis@ucr.edu) and Valentine Vullev (Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Riverside, California; vullev@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for all day Wednesday, 18 June.

This symposium will bring together experimental and theoretical bioengineering and biotechnology researchers, educators, students, and professionals with diverse research interests to promote intellectual exchanges across bioengineering research areas and scales. The symposium has the general theme of "Multi-Scale Bioengineering" and will cover selected topics of cutting edge research, spanning the bioengineering scales from molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organismal, to human bioengineering, and including the development of innovative systems biology approaches, bioinformatics methods, biologicals, biomaterials, bioprocesses, implants, prosthetics, biomedical devices, and bioinstrumentation. The objective of the symposium is to bring together scientists with bioengineering and biotechnology interests in a setting that will provoke novel questions on how to cut across these diverse bioengineering topics and scales, and to develop new collaborations to address the common goals of understanding basic sciences and improving health.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(25) Applications of 3D Printing Organizer: Joan Horvath (Deezmaker 3D Printers, Pasadena, California; joan@deezmaker.com).
Currently scheduled for Friday afternoon, 20 June.

This symposium will look at practical uses of open-source 3D printing for scientists and educators, with case studies of actual use. Uses include replacing parts on broken or obsolete lab equipment, development of simple one-off devices, and visualization.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April




(26) Future Trends on Past History of Life Organizer: Bahram Mobasher (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California; mobasher@ucr.edu).
Currently scheduled for Thursday morning, 19 June.

The field of astrobiology is a growing area for research, aiming to address fundamental problems, including the origin and evolution of life, search for life beyond the Earth and the future of life on the Earth and in the Universe. The aim of this session is to bring together researchers from disciplines such as astronomy and astrophysics, Earth and planetary sciences, biology, cosmochemistry and relevant fields to exchange the latest discoveries in this field and to discuss future plans. The advancement in new technology and construction and commissioning of larger and more powerful ground-based and space-bourn telescopes (including the 30m class telescopes and the James Webb Space Telescope) promises rapid advances in this field in future years. This symposium will address the future trends in this field.

ABSTRACTS: expected by mid-April







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